Using Exercise to Help Manage Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

R├ęsultat de recherche d'images pour "Diabetes"Regular exercise can help diabetics, with either type 1 or type 2 diabetes, control their weight and lower their blood sugar level. Exercise also lowers the risk of heart disease, a condition that is common in people who have diabetes.

Regular exercise benefits overall health by improving blood flow and reducing blood pressure. It decreases insulin resistance, even without weight loss.

Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, usually referred to just as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which the sufferer has high blood sugar. This produces the classical symptoms of diabetes: polyuria, which is frequent urination; polydipsia, which is increased thirst; and polyhagia, which is increased hunger.

Diabetes is caused by a problem in the way your body makes or uses insulin. Insulin is needed to move blood sugar, glucose, into cells, where it is stored to be used later for energy. Insulin is a hormone that is produced by special cells, called beta cells, in the pancreas. The pancreas is an organ that lies in the stomach and which is connected to the small intestine at the duodenum.

In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells in the pancreas produce little or no insulin. Due to the insufficiency of insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream rather than being moved into the cells.

In type 2 diabetes, the body does not respond correctly to insulin, a condition known as insulin resistance. Insulin resistance means that fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond normally to insulin, meaning that the glucose builds up in the bloodstream rather than being moved into the cells.

The build-up of glucose in the bloodstream is known as hyperglycemia.

In both types of diabetes, glucose in not moved from the bloodstream to the cells, so it is not available for the body to use for energy.

Benefits of Exercise for Diabetics With Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Regular exercise is important for everyone’s health, but especially so for diabetics. Regular aerobic exercise has two main benefits for diabetics. Firstly, it lowers the level of blood sugar. Secondly, it helps burn excess calories to help with weight management.

Regular exercise benefits overall health by improving blood flow and reducing blood pressure. It decreases insulin resistance, even without weight loss.

Exercise also increases the body’s energy level, lowers tension, and improves the ability to handle stress.

Guidelines for Diabetics Adopting an Exercise Program

People with diabetes should follow these guidelines when they adopt an exercise program:

  • Check with their doctor before starting an exercise program
  • Ensure they have the right footwear
  • Pick an exercise program that matches their current fitness level
  • Exercise regularly, preferably at the same time every day, but at least 3 or 4 days a week
  • Monitor their blood glucose levels before and after exercising
  • Always have a fast-acting carbohydrate food with them, in case their blood glucose levels get too low during or after exercise
  • Wear a diabetes identification bracelet
  • Carry a mobile phone to use in case of emergency
  • Drink extra non-sugary fluids before, during, and after exercise
  • Modify their diet and medication to maintain their blood glucose levels when changing the intensity or duration of their exercise program

Types of Exercise for Diabetics

Diabetics with either type1 or type 2 diabetes should adopt a regular aerobic exercise program. This could be walking, jogging, aerobic dancing, or cycling. For diabetics with nerve problems in their feet or legs, swimming, cycling, rowing, or chair exercises may be more appropriate.

As well as aerobic exercise, diabetics with type 1 or type 2 diabetes should also engage in a flexibility program, such as yoga or stretching, and strength training exercises.

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